Courier del Orinoco #13

La política interna estadounidense se desarrolló esta semana alrededor de la gestión de la pandemia del Covid-19, la definición de las campañas electorales de demócratas y republicanos alrededor del tema sanitario y económico y las tensiones entre el gobierno central y los estados.

En el ámbito económico destacan los temas relativos a los paquetes de ayuda del gobierno federal a las pequeñas y medianas empresas, así como el sostenido incremento del desempleo.

Entre tanto, las relaciones entre Venezuela y Estado Unidos, vivieron un nuevo momento de tensión tras la decisión de la Reserva Federal estadounidense de confiscar 342 millones de dólares del Banco Central de Venezuela que permanecían bloqueados por efecto de las sanciones unilaterales de la Administración Trump contra Venezuela.

Pero es el tema petrolero, el que sin ninguna duda ocupó el lugar central de la actualidad tanto para Estados Unidos, como para Venezuela. El inédito desplome de los precios del petróleo que se manifestó por primera vez en la historia en marcadores negativos al cierre de los contratos de venta a futuro con fecha de mayo 2020, dio cuenta de la gravedad de la crisis producida por la contracción de la demanda. El impacto inmediato de este quiebre se vio en la caída, igualmente estrepitosa de los mercados financieros. Y aunque en las jornadas posteriores, el precio se recuperó levemente en el marco de las negociaciones de los contratos de junio del año en curso, es poco probable que el mercado logre estabilizarse en el marco de la pandemia.

Progresión de la Pandemia Covid-19

Política Interior de EE.UU.

Trump pretende abrir el país antes de lo recomendado, pero científicos le salen al paso. El Diario NY, 18 Abril 2020

In new poll, 60 percent support keeping stay-at-home restrictions to fight coronavirus. Mark Murray, NBC, 19 Abril 2020

Trump Has Begun His Corona Campaign. We Don’t Have to Play Along. Ben Smith, NYT, 19 Abril 2020

Joe Biden wins Wyoming caucuses. Jennifer Agiesta, CNN, 19 Abril 2020

Biden wins Wyoming Democratic caucus. Rebecca Klar, The Hill, 19 Abril 2020

What Biden’s VP choices bring — and don’t bring — to the table. Albert Hunt, The Hill, 19 Abril 2020

Former Clinton adviser on Biden nomination: ‘It’s like a suicide march. Caitlin Yilek , Washington Examiner, 19 Abril 2020

President Trump and Republicans could face trouble this November. Douglas Schoen, The Hill, 19 Abril 2020

Trump reacts after Reuters is caught running promoted tweets for Biden messaging. Reuters, 19 Abril 2020

Briefing or rally? Trump shifts to campaign mode as he rails against the media. The Guardian, 19 Abril 2020

El Paso still waiting on $500K from Trump campaign for February rally, officials say. Aris Folley, The Hill 19 Abril 2020

VP Pick Illustrates Democrats’ Big 2020 Question. Jhon, Johson,Newser, 20 Abril 2020

Why Biden won’t escape the Green New Deal. Timothy Cama, E&E News, 20 Abril 2020

The coronavirus crisis is dividing us, not uniting us. Tampa Bay Times, 20 Abril 2020 

La pandemia le pasa factura a Trump: baja en las encuestas y Biden toma ventaja. David Gonzalez, France24, 20 Abril 2020

Trump says immigration measure will be in effect for 60 days, will be evaluated afterward. Reuters, 21 Abril 2020

Why Trump’s Immigration Ban Is A Big Mistake. Dov S. Zakheim, The National Interest, 21 Abril 2020

Trump Tweet-Threatens To Close the Borders (Which Would Just Destroy the Economy Even More). Alec Stapp, Reason, 21 Abril 2020

Trump’s immigration pause falls well short of full ban. Anita Kumar, Politico, 21 Abril 2020

Donald Trump: Impeachment & Fake Collusion Charges Were Futile. Conrad Black, National Review, 21 Abril 2020

Most rate Trump’s coronavirus response negatively and expect crowds to be unsafe until summer, Post-U. Md. poll finds.  Scott Clement and Dan Balz,Washington Post, 21 Abril 2020

Poll: Most Americans Think Trump’s Push to Open the Country ASAP Is Nuts. Bess Levin, Vanity Fair, 21 Abril 2020

Donald Trump cannot be criminally charged for his pandemic response. Jonathan Turley, The Hill, 21 Abril 2020

Is Trump losing seniors? Greg Sargent, Washington Post, 21 Abril 2020

U.S. attorney general won’t rule out legal action over state coronavirus measures. Sarah N. Lynch, Reuters, 21 Abril 2020

Political wrangling, controversy mark re-opening of U.S. states. Rich McKay,Maria Caspani, Reuters, 21 Abril 2020

Wisconsin Republicans file lawsuit challenging coronavirus shutdown order. Brendan O’Brien,Reuters, 21 Abril 2020 

Michigan Gov. Says Trump’s Messaging Putting Public In ‘Greater Danger. Huffpost, 21 Abril 2020

U.S. Senate deal does not extend assistance to local news outlets. David Shepardson, Reuters, 21 Abril 2020

U.S.’ Pelosi, Schumer welcome deal with funds for small business, hospitals and testing. Reuters, 21 Abril 2020

Senate reaches $484B stimulus deal; Trump, Cuomo agree to more testing; Georgia’s reopening. Jhon Bacon, Jorge Ortiz, USA Today, 21 Abril 2020

What Progressives Could Teach Joe Biden About Foreign Policy. Katrina Vanden Heuvel, The Nation, 21 Abril 2020

Al Gore Endorses Joe Biden for President: ‘This Is Not Complicated’. Maggie Astor, NYT, 22 Abril 2020

Poll: 50 Percent of White Democrats Are ‘Bothered’ Biden Is an Old White Man. Most Black and Hispanic Democrats Don’t Care. Robby Soave,Reason, 22 Abril 2020

Poll: Biden leads Trump by 4 points in Florida. Max Greenwood, The Hill, 22 Abril 2020

Polls show Trump trailing Biden in battlegrounds of Michigan and Pennsylvania. Grace Spark, CNN, 22 Abril 2020

Elecciones en Estados Unidos: Michelle Obama, la gran figura de la campaña demócrata. El Clarin, 22 Abril 2020

The nation is in crisis. Where are you, Joe Biden? Dianne Hessan, The Boston Globe, 22 Abril 2020

Joe Biden tries to run around Trump on local and late night television. Annie Linskey,The Washington Post, 22 Abril 2020

Biden And Trump Battle Over Who Is ‘Weak On China. Asma Khalid, NPR, 22 Abril 2020

Trump’s Best Re-Election Bet: Run Against China. Walter Russell Mead, Wall Street Journal, 22 Abril 2020

Biden vs. Trump: Who’s the Actual Criminal Justice Reformer? Politico, 22 Abril 2020

Bloomberg’s Hawkfish is one of at least 3 tech firms Biden campaign considers hiring. Brian Schwartz, CNBC, 22 Abril 2020

Biden Campaign Says It Has Refunded Donation From Louis C.K. Time, 22 Abril 2020

Coronavirus pandemic may have slowed Biden’s campaign hiring. Bo Erickson, Musadiq Bidar, Nicole Sganga, CBS News, 22 Abril 2020

COVID-19 and the presidential election: What if states picked the electors? David Schultz, The Hill, 22 Abril 2020

Head-scratching at the White House as oil crash continues. Lesly Clark, Mike Lee, Carlos Anchondo, E&E News, 22 Abril 2020

Trump order temporarily limits U.S. immigration during coronavirus crisis. Ted Hesson,Steve Holland,Jeff Mason, Reuters 22 Abril 2020

The Coronavirus Is Exposing Decay of American Political Culture. Mitchel Blatt,The National Interest, 22 Abril 2020

U.S. House passes $500 billion coronavirus bill in latest relief package. Patricia Zengerle, Susan Cornwell , Reuters, 23 Abril 2020

Biden?s strength with older voters could threaten Trump?s electoral path in 2020. Toluse Olorunnipa, The Washington Post , 23 Abril 2020

Renuncia legislador demócrata a una semana de anunciar su apoyo a la campaña presidencial de Trump. Univision, 23 Abril 2020

Biden predicts Trump will try to delay November election. Marty Jhonson, The Hill, 24 Abril 2020

Biden builds early lead in battleground states. Jonathan Easley, The Hill, 24 Abril 2020

Podcast y canales

Listen to Jamie Metzl, Margaret MacMillan, Tom Perez and Cyrus Habib. Amanpour, CNN, 17 Abril 2020

It’s All Political. San Francisco Chronicle, 17 Abril 2020

Joe Biden & Michelle Obama Team Up & Catch 22 Opening Up The USA. Political Power, 19 Abril 2020

Krystal and Saagar: Shock poll shows Trump beating Biden on crisis response. Rising- The Hill, 20 Abril 2020

Krystal Ball: Is the left willing to pay THIS price to claim power? Rising- The Hill, 20 Abril 2020

Congressional leaders and the White House negotiate another coronavirus relief funding package. Anderson Cooper 360°, CNN, 21 Abril 2020

Another Half-Trillion: Senate Reaches Deal On Rescue Package. NPR Politics, 21 Abril 2020

Who’s Organizing the Lockdown Protests? The Daily, NYT, 21 Abril 2020

¿En qué aspectos dependen los países de la OMS? Camilo, CNN, 21 Abril 2020

Up First. NPR, 22 Abril 2020

Ep. 381 — Stacey Abrams. The AXE Files, 23 Abril 2020

Trump and Biden Face Off Over China and the Coronavirus. The Newyorker, 23 Abril 2020 

Trump’s Immigration Order Stops Far Short Of Total Ban. NPR, 23 Abril 2020

Jane Mayer On How Mitch McConnell Became Trump’s ‘Enabler-In-Chief. NPR, 23 Abril 2020

Krystal and Saagar: SHOCK POLL shows Biden winning less than HALF of Lat… Rising, The Hill, 24 Abril 2020

Política Económica de EE.UU.

Dollar edges higher as oil rout hits commodity currencies, EU meeting eyed. Saqib Iqbal Ahmed, Reuters, 19 Abril 2020

White House, GOP face heat after hotel and restaurant chains helped run small business program dry. Jonathan O’Connell, The Washington Post, 20 Abril 2020

Coronavirus relief deal for U.S. small businesses may come Monday, Trump says. David Randall, Reuters, 20 Abril 2020

Wall Street drops as U.S. producers can’t give crude away. Noel Randewich, Reuters, 20 Abril 2020

U.S. senators propose $500 billion rescue for state, local governments. Reuters, 20 Abril 2020

Trump suspenderá temporalmente la inmigración a EU por el COVID-19. Forbes, 20 Abril 2020

Suspending immigration to protect American workers has things precisely backward. American Enterprise Institute, 21 Abril 2020

Senate passes $484 billion bill that would expand small-business aid, boost money for hospitals and testing. Erica Werner, Seung Min Kim ,The Washington Post, 21 Abril 2020

Trump says he will discuss more coronavirus money for states after current bill passes. Reuters, 21 Abril 2020

$500 billion coronavirus aid package passes U.S. Senate, headed to House. Susan Cornwell, Patricia Zengerle, Reuters, 21 Abril 2020

Oil prices extend slide one day after U.S. crude drops below zero; Dow plunges more than 600 points. Thomas Heath, The Washington Post, 21 Abril 2020

A Great Time To Buy Oil” Trump Looks To Fill Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Michael Kern, OilPrice, 21 Abril 2020

U.S. stocks rebound, with Dow spiking 456 points, as crude prices stabilize. Thomas Heath, Jacob Bogage, The Washington Post, 22 Abril 2020

Dow Jones Bounces as JP Morgan Signals All-Time Highs in 2020. Ben Brown, CCN, 22 Abril 2020

Financial catastrophe looms for state and local governments. NBC News, 22 Abril 2020

Millions of Americans join unemployed ranks as coronavirus ravages economy. Lucia Mutikani, Reuters, 22 Abril 2020

Some Americans going back to work, even as virus erases more jobs. Lucia Mutikani, Reuters, 23 Abril 2020

Trump disagrees with Georgia’s push to re-open economy. Jeff Mason, Reuters, 23 Abril 2020

U.S. House meets to pass $500 billion in coronavirus relief as unemployment soars. Patricia Zengerle, Richard Cowan, Reuters, 23 Abril 2020

Coronavirus Live Updates: House Passes $484 Billion Aid Package. NYT, 23 Abril 2020

House passes $484 billion bill with money for small businesses, hospitals and testing to battle coronavirus. Erica Werner, Washington Post, 23 Abril 2020

U.S. core capital goods orders unexpectedly rise in March. Reuters, 24 Abril 2020

Podcast y canales

Trump’s reopening plan, coronavirus drug report, Macron on EU solidarity. Financial Times, 17 Abril 2020

Stimulus Payments: What Happens if You Get the Wrong Amount? Wall Street Journal, 17 Abril 2020

Listen to Coronavirus Impacts? Here’s What You Need to Know. Bloomberg, 17 Abril 2020

COVID-19: Migrant farmworkers ‘essential’ but unsafe in U.S. Financial Times, 21 Abril 2020

World News Roundup Late Edition. (Parte I) 22 Abril 2020

World News Roundup Late Edition, (Parte II) 22 Abril 2020

World News Roundup Late Edition.  (Parte III) 22 Abril 2020

What More Will It Take to Save the Global Economy? Trend Lines, 22 Abril 2020

ECB to accept ‘fallen angel’ bonds as collateral, Covid-19 legal protections. Financial Times, 23 Abril 2020

Another 4.4 Million Sought U.S. Jobless Benefits. Wall Street Journal, 23 Abril 2020

Unsteady states: America’s piecemeal reopening. The Intelligence-The Economist, 24 Abril 2020

Friday, April 24, 2020. NPR, 24 Abril 2020

Lawmakers Pass Pandemic Stimulus Bill and Debate. WSJ, 24 Abril 2020

Germany backs EU recovery fund, Gilead drug flops, Rana Foroohar on US austerity. Financial Times, 24 Abril 2020

Relaciones Venezuela — Estados Unidos

Maduro Says Elections in Venezuela Not a Priority Amid Virus. Fabiola Zerpa, Bloomberg, 18 Abril 2020

Venezuela.- EEUU defiende la vía noruega para reanudar la negociación entre el Gobierno y la oposición en Venezuela. Notiamérica, 18 Abril 2020

EE.UU. acusa a Maduro de «brutal represión, corrupción masiva y mala gestión económica» ante coronavirus. VOA , 18 Abril 2020

US: Naval Buildup in Caribbean Not Aimed at Ousting Maduro. Joshua Goodman, Associated Press-Military, 18 Abril 2020

Trump manda buques, Maduro encarcela para evitar invasión. José Ospina Valencia, DW, 18 Abril 2020

Comando Sur de EEUU: Cuba está vinculada al entramado del narcotráfico con Venezuela. Diario de las Américas, 18 Abril 2020

Sin Maduro ni Guaidó: EE.UU. propone levantar las sanciones a Venezuela si forma un gobierno de “transición democrática” con chavistas y opositores. El Lider USA, 18  Abril 2020

Grupos sociales e intelectuales piden a EE.UU. levantar bloqueo contra Venezuela. TeleSur, 19 Abril 2020

EEUU continúa con el robo del patrimonio de Venezuela. Raúl Ramirez, Aporrea, 19 Abril 2020

EE.UU. y Guaidó conformaron estructura de Crimen Transnacional para despojar a Venezuela de su patrimonio. Kaos en la Red, 19 Abril 2020

Muy peligrosa condescendencia de la FAO en Venezuela. Urgente24, 20 Abril 2020

Exclusive: Venezuela Socialists, opposition leaders begin secret talks amid pandemic – sources. Corina Pons, Mayela Armas, Reuters, 21 Abril 2020

Venezuela government, opposition begin secret talks amid coronavirus pandemic, sources say. Reuters-NBC, 21 Abril 2020

Guaidó niega que haya «conversaciones exploratorias” con el entorno de Maduro. Adriana Nuñez Rabascall, Gustavo Ocando, Alex, VOA, 21 Abril 2020

Venezuela y otros 9 países piden a Acnudh interceder para levantar sanciones. Sputnik News, 21 Abril 2020

Venezuela: las consecuencias del traspaso de fondos del BCV a la Fed sobre el régimen. Ricardo Serrano, Mundiario, 21 Abril 2020

Llegaron a Venezuela 90 toneladas de ayuda humanitaria con el apoyo de la Usaid. El Nacional, 21 Abril 2020

U.S. orders Chevron to ‘wind down’ Venezuela operations by December 1. Matt Spetalnick, Daphne Psaledakis, Reuters, 21 Abrril 2020

Chevron Barred From Drilling, Transporting Oil in Venezuela: U.S Official. Reuters.NYT, 21 Abril 2020

Trump orders Chevron to cease operations in Venezuela by Dec. 1. AP- Market Watch, 21 Abril 2020

EE.UU. prohíbe a Chevron exportar petróleo de Venezuela. Alejandra Arredondo, VOA, 21 Abril 2020

Trump Tells Chevron to ‘Wind Down’ Oil Fields in Venezuela. Scott Smith, NBC New York, 21 Abril 2020

Cheveron Stock Rises after Venezuela Order. Schaeffer’s Investment Research, 22 Abril 2020

Venezuela. EUA autorizam cinco petrolíferas a continuar operação até dezembro. Lusa, Expreso, 22 Abril 2020

Venezuela’s opposition weighs nixing ‘shadow tax’ as oil prices plunge. Reuters-Energy Economic Times, 22 Abril 2020

Venezuela: allies of Maduro and Guaidó hold secret talks over coronavirus fears. The Guardian, 22 Abril 2020

Venezuela Socialists, opposition leaders begin secret talks amid pandemic — sources. Daily Times, 22 Abril 2020

Top U.S. Diplomat: COVID-19 Could Devastate Venezuela, Unseat Maduro. Trevor Williams, Global Atlanta, 22 Abril 2020

Coronavirus in Venezuela: Insiders say pandemic may provide answer for political crisis. Corina Pons, Mayela Armas,SMH, 22 Abril 2020

Rusia denuncia en la ONU las «provocaciones» de EE UU a Venezuela. EFE-Panorama, 22 Abril 2020

Putting Pressure on Venezuela Is the Only Way Out. Fair Observer, 22 Abril 2020

Pompeo promete aumentar la presión contra Venezuela y asegura que EE.UU. enviará «ayuda humanitaria». RT, 23 Abril 2020

70+ Groups Demand Trump Immediately End US Sanctions Against Iran, Venezuela, Cuba, and Others During Covid-19 Crisis. Eoin, Higgins, Common Dreams News, 23 Abril 2020

Sources: Guaido allies take slice of first Venezuela budget. Joshua Goodman, AP, 23 Abril 2020

Coronavirus will worsen Venezuela’s emergency, interim president says. David Wemer, Atlantic Council, 23 Abril 2020

Guaidó: «Hoy Venezuela no puede decidir entre sobrevivir a la pandemia o al hambre». Luis Felipe Rojas, VOA, 23 Abril 2020

EEUU: Plan para Venezuela se evalúa dentro y fuera del régimen. Diario de las Américas, 23 Abril 2020

¿Cómo debe ser la relación entre Venezuela y EEUU? Alexis Ortiz, El Nuevo Herald, 23 Abril 2020

Ni en Noruega observan condiciones para una nueva negociación entre Guaidó y Maduro. Juan Carlos Zapata, ALnavío, 23 Abril 2020

US settlement plan for Venezuela does not combine with bounty on Maduro, says diplomat. TASS, 23 Abril 2020

Rosneft on brink of closing trading arm hit by US sanctions. Financial Times, 23 Abril 2020

Rosneft mulls the future of sanctioned subsidiary. Argus, 23 Abril 2020

Venezuela Turns to Iran for a Hand Restarting Its Gas Pumps. NYT, 23 Abril 2020

Venezuela Turns to Iran for Fuel Supplies and Workers. Fabiola Zerpa, Ben Bartenstein, Bloomberg, 23 Abril 2020

Venezuela receives material to help restart refinery from Iran -official. Reuters, 23 Abril 2020

Venezuela’s Oil Output Could Fall Again Soon. Nick Cunningham, Oil Price, 23 Abril 2020

Venezuela, entre los países con mayor inseguridad alimentaria en 2019. VOA, 23 Abril 2020

Now Is Not the Time for the U.S. to Deport Venezuelans. Tamara Taraciuk, Human Rights, 23 Abril 2020

Venezuela y sus tres crisis. Luis Oliveros, El Nacional, 24 Abril 2020

Actualidad Petrolera Mundial

Venezuela’s opposition to propose reduced royalty on gas re-injection. Luc Cohen , Reuters, 17 Abril 2020

EEUU envía otro gran convoy militar a zona petrolera siria. Hispantv.com, 19 de abril 2020

Oil crashes, ends negative for the first time in history. Stephanie Kelly. Reuters, 19 Abril 2020

El Dow Jones pierde más de 500 puntos tras la histórica caída del precio del crudo WTI de un 305,97% en un día. RT, 20 de abril 2020

Historic collapse in oil prices sends U.S. stocks reeling, with Dow losing nearly 600 points. Jacob Bogage,Thomas Heath, The Washington Post, 20 Abril 2020

Plunge in U.S. oil prices sinks equities; bonds yields edge lower. Reuters, 20 Abril 2020

These 3 Oil Stocks Are the Winners from Today’s Shocking Price Crash. Mark Emem, CCN, 20 Abril 2020

US oil benchmark plunges towards $4 per barrel. Energy Voice, 20 Abril 2020

Spot U.S. oil futures crash below zero with nowhere to store crude. Reuters, 20 Abril 2020

El precio de la guerra del petróleo: Arabia Saudí se llena de deudas. Sputnik Mundo, 20 de abril 2020

IEA calls for deeper cuts. Ed Reed,Energy Voice, 21 Abril 2020

Carnage’ Global oil price crash is impacting every sector, warn experts. Ciaran McGrath,Express, 21 Abril 2020

Will Covid-19 kill the oil industry? Boris Ivanov, Energy Voice, 21 Abril 2020

Trump pledges financial aid to oil industry. Ben Lefebvre, Politico, 21 Abril 2020

Trump orders plan to fund oil, gas industries during historic sell-off. Mike Calia,Kevin Breuninger, CNBC, 21 Abril 2020

Mexico, Ecuador and Venezuela Particularly Hit by Oil Slump Among Latam Producers. NYT, 21 Abril 2020

Venezuela tiene que prepararse para precios ultrabajos del petróleo, advierten economistas. Margaret López, Efecto Cocuyo, 21 Abril 2020

EE.UU. otorga una nueva licencia para que Chevron opere en Venezuela hasta diciembre del 2020. RT, 21 de abril 2020

Trump estudia dejar de comprar petróleo a Arabia Saudita. RT, 21 de abril 2020

Desinterés de Trump por el covid19 aceleró caída del precio del crudo. Werther Sandoval, UN, 21 de abril 2020

A Massive Wave Of Shut-Ins Fails To Halt Oil Price Crash. Tom Kool, Oilprice.com, 22 de abril 2020

Caída de precios del petróleo daña la industria de petróleo de esquisto de EEUU. Almanar, 22 de abril 2020

Warren Buffett May Be Holding His $128 Billion to Save Struggling Oil Companies. Kini Nikolaev, CCN, 22 Abril 2020

Putin Calls For Patience As Oil Prices Crash. Tsvetana Paraskova, Oilprice.com, 22 de abril 2020

Rusia: El desplome del crudo de EEUU fue un pacto tipo cártel. Hispantv.com, 22 de abril 2020

How Much Longer Will Indian Oil Demand Slump? Viktor Katona, Oilprice.com, 22 de abril 2020

$0 Oil Forces Canada To Shut Down Crude Production. Irina Slav, Oilprice.com, 22 de abril 2020

Oil Jumps After Trump Orders Navy To ‘’Shoot And Destroy’’ Iranian Gunboats. Tom Kool, Oilprice.com, 22 de abril 2020

¿Qué pasará con Vaca Muerta, con YPF y la industria petrolera? Arturo Trinelli, Pagina12, 22 de abil 2020

México recortará la producción y «cerrará la válvula» de explotación de nuevos pozos ante la caída de los precios. RT, 22 de abril 2020

¿Cómo afectará a América Latina el desplome de los precios del petróleo? RT, 22 de abril 2020

Nigeria faces involuntary output cuts – News for the Oil and Gas Sector. Ed Reed, Energy Voice, 22 Abril 2020

A barrel of Brent oil could become ‘cheaper than a latte’, Rystad says. Mark Lammey, Energy Voice, 22 Abril 2020

Crises may strike OPEC’s weakest members this year. CNBC, 22 Abril 2020

Marathon Petroleum warns of loss, up to $7.8 billion hit on oil rout. Gary McWilliams, Reuters, 22 Abril 2020

Losing appeal: OPEC’s share in Indian imports lowest in nearly 2 decades. Nidhi Verma,Gavin Maguire, Reuters, 23 abril 2020

OPEC daily basket price stood at $12.22 a barrel Wednesday, 22 April 2020. OPEP News, 23 de abril 2020

In Rare Development, Oil Majors Are Forced To Cut Output Under OPEC Deal. Julianne Geiger, Oil and Price, 23 Abril 2020

Shale’s Decline Will Make Way For The Next Big Thing in Oil. David Messler, OilPrice, 23 de abril 2020

Los precios del petróleo suben debido a la tensión entre EEUU e Irán. Rystad energy / AFP, 23 de abril 2020

Guardia Revolucionaria contesta a Trump y advierte que los buques de guerra de Estados Unidos serán destruidos si amenazan los buques de Irán. News Front, 23 de abril 2020

«Trump amenaza a Irán: ¿un intento de hacer crecer los precios del petróleo? Sputnik Mundo, 23 de abril 2020

Sanciones de EEUU contra Irán tumban su industria petrolífera. Hispantv.com, 23 de abril 2020

Gasoline, the refiner’s favorite child, is the key fuel behind the global oil demand doom. Rystad energy, 23 de abril 2020

Venezuela recibe desde Irán catalizador para poder reiniciar unidad de refinería Cardón. Reuters, 23 de abril 2020

China aumenta sus reservas de petróleo mientras el precio se desploma por la pandemia de covid-19. RT, 23 de abril 2020

Informe: EEUU pretende sacar a Rusia y China del mercado nuclear. Hispantv.com, 24 de abril 2020

Revelado: Amenazas de MBS a Putin desataron crisis petrolera. Hispantv.com, 23 de abril 2020

Este es el comienzo del fin de la independencia energética de Estados Unidos. Scott RITTER, NewsFront, 24 de abril 2020

Oil Giant Shutters North Dakota Crude Production. Irina Slav, OilPrice, 24 de abril 2020

Podcast y canales

Checks and Balance: Oil be back. The Economist, 17 Abril 2020

Colapso histórico del crudo de Texas por la pandemia de covid-19. Conclusiones,CNN, 21 Abril 2020

Why did US oil prices hit negative territory? Inside Story, 21 Abril 2020

US oil prices plummet, Singapore oil trader scandal. Financial Times, 21 Abril 2020

Driving Discussions: The surprising RINs market during Covid-19. Argus, 21 Abril 2020

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